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FLASHBACK: In 2004, The U.S. Senate Was Warned That Climate Change is a Hoax

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The “Global Climate Strike” mobilized 4 million protestors  around September 20.   When former President Barack Obama met with 16-year-old Swedish “climate activist” Greta Thunberg, it made the entire issue look more like political theater than science.

The ‘climate strike’ protestors are pressuring international government meetings to take more drastic action.  Others observe from polling that the hard sell of the climate change hoax may be a red flag turning some people off.

However, there is a fatal flaw in the climate change alarmism.  Actually there are many fatal flaws.  But there is one that anyone can understand.  It cannot be cured by the alarmists.

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We actually do not know how much carbon dioxide was in Earth’s atmosphere prior to the 1930s.  Devices to reliably measure carbon dioxide in the air went through painstaking, slow, bumpy development.  Instruments did not really come into their own until around 1930.

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Because we don’t know the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere, climate change proponents depend upon unreliable “proxies.”  They substitute gas pockets retrieved from ice core samples from deep within ancient glaciers.  They hope this will tell us Earth’s ancient atmosphere and the concentration of CO2 in the air.

Speculation that air pockets remain exactly the same over hundreds to millions of years has never been tested.  And what is the margin of error of an ice core sample?

Arguing that A causes B requires measurements with a known margin of error.  We can’t model a phenomenon in inches if the data was measured in miles.  Proxy measurements from ice core air samples cannot prove global warming caused by carbon dioxide.  The margins of error are too wide and highly unpredictable.

In 2004 the U.S. Senate was fully briefed on the falsehood of man-made global warming.   The U.S. Government clearly knows that we cannot measure carbon dioxide earlier than 1900 to 1930.

Prof. Zbigniew Jaworowski testified before the U.S. Senate on March 13, 2004:

Improper manipulation of data, and arbitrary rejection of readings that do not fit the pre-conceived idea on man-made global warming is common in many glaciological studies of greenhouse gases. In peer reviewed publications I exposed this misuse of science.

The basis of most of the IPCC conclusions on anthropogenic causes and on projections of climatic change is the assumption of low level of CO2 in the pre-industrial atmosphere. This assumption, based on glaciological studies, is false. Therefore IPCC projections should not be used for national and global economic planning.

Prof. Zbigniew Jaworowski. Chairman, Scientific Council of Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Warsaw, Poland, Statement before the US Senate Committee

on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, March 19, 2004

Prof. Zbigniew Jaworowski explained his qualifications to the Senate:

For the past 40 years I was involved in glacier studies, using snow and ice as a matrix for reconstruction of history of man-made pollution of the global atmosphere. A part of these studies was related to the climatic issues.

Ice core records of CO2 have been widely used as a proof that, due to man’s activity the current atmospheric level of CO2 is about 25% higher than in the pre-industrial period. These records became the basic input parameters in the models of the global carbon cycle and a cornerstone of the man-made climatic warming hypothesis.

These records do not represent the atmospheric reality, as I will try to demonstrate in my statement.

In order to study the history of industrial pollution of the global atmosphere, between 1972 and 1980, I organized 11 glacier expeditions, which measured natural and man-made pollutants in contemporary and ancient precipitation, preserved in 17 glaciers in Arctic, Antarctic, Alaska, Norway, the Alps, the Himalayas, the Ruwenzori Mountains in Uganda, the Peruvian Andes and in Tatra Mountains in Poland.

In the 1990s I was working in the Norwegian Polar Research Institute in Oslo, and in the Japanese National Institute of Polar Research in Tokyo. In this period I studied the effects of climatic change on polar regions, and the reliability of glacier studies for estimation of CO2 concentration in the ancient atmosphere.

Id.

            Prof. Jaworowski explained why chemistry, including intense pressure under the weight of layers of glacial ice, change the air sample from its original composition:

More than 20 physico-chemical processes, mostly related to the presence of liquid water, contribute to the alteration of the original chemical composition of the air inclusions in polar ice.

One of these processes is formation of gas hydrates or clathrates. In the highly compressed deep ice all air bubbles disappear, as under the influence of pressure the gases change into the solid clathrates, which are tiny crystals formed by interaction of gas with water molecules. Drilling decompresses cores excavated from deep ice, and contaminates them with the drilling fluid filling the borehole.

* * *  After decompression of the ice cores, the solid clathrates decompose into a gas form, exploding in the process as if they were microscopic grenades. In the bubble-free ice the explosions form a new gas cavities and new cracks. Through these cracks, and cracks formed by sheeting, a part of gas escapes first into the drilling liquid which fills the borehole, and then at the surface to the atmospheric air.

* * * This leads to depletion of CO2 in the gas trapped in the ice sheets. This is why the records of CO2 concentration in the gas inclusions from deep polar ice show the values lower than in the contemporary atmosphere, even for the epochs when the global surface temperature was higher than now.

Id.

Similarly, the ice is “contaminated” with algae and microbes.  “Bacteria form in the ice releasing gases even in 500,000-year-old ice at great depth. Brent C. Christner, “Detection, Recovery, Isolation and Characterization  of Bacteria in Glacial Ice and Lake Vostok Accretion Ice,” Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2002.

To use ice core samples as a measurement for Earth’s ancient atmosphere, we would have to to measure a known sample within ice layers, wait a million years, and then come back a million years later and re-test the air pocket.  It is unlikely that the gas sample will remained unchanged.  That would be the kind of real science that the protesting students could have learned had they stayed in school.

As one scientist put it:   “The hypothesis that global warming and climate change are due to human addition of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere became fact before research had even begun.”  (Emphasis in the original.)  Dr Timothy Ball, Measurement of Pre-Industrial CO2 Levels, Friends of Science, November 2008.

 

Opinion

Be a Man. Take Off the Mask.

It’s time.

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It’s been a full year since the United States theater of the COVID-19 pandemic began in earnest. From their peak in early January, seven-day averages of deaths and new cases have plummeted by around 50 and 75 percent respectively. States like Texas and Mississippi have repealed their statewide mask mandates and allowed businesses to operate at 100 percent capacity if they so choose.

Say what you will about the vaccine, but two million Americans are receiving it each day. Skepticism over its efficacy and risks has waned. We’re well on our way to having administered 100 million doses, and people are not suffering catastrophic side effects, let alone dropping like flies.

All this is to say that we’re approaching herd immunity and approaching it fast. Some project it will happen by April, some by the Fourth of July. Good news, right?

It is good news—but putting a damper on it are the “leading experts” who insist that we’ll need to continue masking and social distancing for the foreseeable future.

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This is patently absurd. Remember that masks and social distancing were intended to be stopgaps until we had the infection rate under control, not measures to be rigorously enforced until we have absolute certainty that no one will die from the disease. The United States has never had the infection rate under more control than it does now. Given that fact, the trends described above, and the approaching of warmer months, there’s increasingly little justification to keep in place universal limitations on mobility and on the freedom to choose not cover your face with cloth everywhere you go.

A notable psychological feature of contemporary society is the incessant drive to push aside and ignore the inconvenient reality of death, so when the COVID-19 outbreak became a worldwide pandemic, we treated it like the Black Death. Of course, it didn’t help that the virus broke out under a totalitarian Chinese state whose extreme lockdown measures gave every other country carte blanche to impose similar measures on their own people.

As the philosopher Edward Feser put it, restricting the individual liberties of someone infected with bubonic plague used to be a necessary evil because bubonic plague once posed a grave and immediate threat to people in general. It is clear, however, that COVID-19 does not pose a grave and immediate threat to people in general. It is also unjust to impose burdens or inflict harm because someone will do something in the future or because they might do something in the future. Therefore, if you’re young and healthy, if you’re vaccinated, or if you’ve been sick with COVID-19 and have gotten better, consider taking your mask off, living a normal life once again, and not letting people push you around about your decisions.

In many places people only wear masks out of conformity. Consider the restaurants you eat at: you only wear the mask to get a table and then you take it off when you’re seated. If you’re fortunate enough to go to a gym that doesn’t employ roaming mask police, you’ll probably see people take their masks off when exercising, only to put them back on to walk around the gym floor. If you’re washing your clothes at a laundromat, you’re not socializing to begin with and you’re almost never within six feet of a stranger. Would you be taking a noticeably greater risk by simply not wearing a mask in any of these scenarios? Are you just doing it because it’s expected of you? Are you using your mask as more of a psychological security blanket than as a tool to avoid infection or asymptomatic spread, the latter of which is likely an exaggerated threat anyway?

The Washington Post recently ran an article about a study that found a tight correlation between the COVID death rate and the obesity rate of adults in many countries across the globe. Obesity has long been linked to more preexisting conditions and comorbidities, a greater risk of developing dozens of illnesses and diseases, and a greater impairment of the immune system. It’s not unreasonable to suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic has only functioned as a pandemic among the obese and the elderly. Among healthy people, young people, skinny people? Not even close. For them it’s not unreasonable to suggest that it’s much more reminiscent of an occasional bout of the flu or food poisoning—not a danger that warrants over a year’s worth of online learning, mass cancellation of campus events, and widespread closing of bars. COVID-19 in itself is not “just the flu, bro,” but it does feel like it to most people around the world.

There’s also a certain segment of the population that leans left in their political worldview and has turned COVID into a religion. COVIDianism, if you will. COVIDians are dogmatic in their belief that the virus represents a universally grave danger. COVIDians surrender and profess obedience to the priests and bishops known as scientists and experts. COVIDians are rigorous in the enforcement of their religious observances such as mask-wearing and physical separation. COVIDian evangelization takes place through in-person confrontations and the fearmongering of the mainstream media. The benefits of upsetting COVIDians far outweigh the chance of killing grandma by working out without a mask.

It’s one thing to wear a mask and be cautious about physical touch or distance if you’re immunocompromised or if you live with someone who’s immunocompromised. But if you’re a healthy person who reflects and finds that you’re only wearing a mask because the authorities or society writ large is telling you to, it’s time to be a man and take it off.

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